College Participation Rates:
9th Graders Chance for College by Age 19

For the Year

9th Graders Chance for College by Age 19

Why is this important?

This is a measure of on-time persistence through high school and enrollment in college the following fall semester after graduation. It doesn't account for high school transfers out-of-state, students who drop out of high school and earn GEDs, or students who are still enrolled in high school because they were held back.

What are the policy implications?

Addressing poor performance on this indicator requires efforts at both the secondary and postsecondary levels - reducing high school dropouts and increasing college-going rates of high school graduates. A state can have high numbers of high school dropouts while also having high college-going rates of high school graduates. High dropout rates among high school students often leave a relative majority of those interested in going to college in the high school graduation pool. Conversely, there are some states that have relatively high graduation rates among high school students, but low college-going rates.

Other factors to consider:

Because this metric is somewhat restrictive - measuring on-time high school graduation and immediate college enrollment - it is useful to look at other measures of participation.

College-Going Rates of High School Graduates - Directly from High School

Part-Time Undergraduate Enrollment as a Percent of 25-44 Year Olds

Percent of Total Population Enrolled in College - 18-64 Year Olds

Data sources and related links:

Tom Mortenson, Postsecondary Opportunity http://ww w.postsecondary.org

Measuring Up: The State-by-State Report Card http://www.highereducation.org